Tag Archives: Canada history

En liens avec Margaret Conrad et le projet « Les Canadiens et leurs passés »




“History Under Harper: A Micro-Lecture Discussion”

Feuille d’érable et couronne britannique

active history

Sur le blogue d’Active History, l’historien Jon Weier nous apprend que le gouvernement conservateur remplacera la feuille d’érable sur les uniformes des soldats canadiens par la couronne royale  : « The Maple Leaf is to be replaced on the shoulder boards and collar tabs of Canadian soldiers’ uniforms with the crown or pip that had been used to indicate rank in the Canadian Forces before unification in 1968. » Ce faisant, Weier cite une récente lettre ouverte de Jocelyn LétourneauVoici un extrait de l’article intitulé Canada and the new colonialism, où l’historien résume la lettre ouverte de Létourneau :

In this article, published under the title “Multiculturalism Died, and Harper replaced it with ‘Royalization’”, Létourneau suggests that multiculturalism has been largely unsuccessful in accomplishing one of its primary goals; undermining the power of Québecois nationalism and replacing it with a shared Canadian identity.  As such, Létourneau argues that the current government has seen the writing on the wall and has sought to bolster four distinct Canadian identities that together make up an idea of Canada.  This strategy has involved recognition of Québec’s distinctness, progress in transforming the relationship between First Nations and the federal government, the continuing need to maintain Canadian sovereignty and independence in the face of American hegemony, and, in the case of English Canada, the renewed emphasis on traditional markers of an English Canadian identity.  Létourneau concludes that this is all centred on a shared sense of Canada as an immigrant nation with common values.

Létourneau generally avoids judging the value of this new exercise, simply suggesting that this is the direction in which the current government is moving as it seeks to transform ideas of Canadian identity.  And he seems to be right, though he describes this new direction more eloquently and more explicitly than anyone in government has.

Active History est un blogue dédié aux interfaces entre l’histoire, les historiens, la place publique et les décideurs : http://activehistory.ca/

The History Classroom as Site for Imagining the Nation

Dans sa thèse de doctorat publiée en 2012 et intitulée The History Classroom as Site for Imagining the Nation, Lisa Faden cite l’étude produite par Létourneau et Moisan (2004).

Empirical research of history and social studies education in Canada supports the view of Canadian national identity as ambiguous and regionally oriented. Létourneau and Moisan’s (2004) study of young people’s knowledge of Quebec history is frequently cited to demonstrate the sharp divide between Francophone and Anglophone versions of national identity. Létourneau and Moisan found that 403 Quebec secondary, college, and university students asked to write a short essay on the history of Quebec produced a narrative marked by “a melancholy, nostalgic awareness centring [sic] on the idea, the concept, of a conquered, reclusive people, abused by others and always fearful of reclaiming their destiny” (p. 117).

Pour la thèse : Lisa Faden, The History Classroom As Site For Imagining The Nation: An Investigation of U.S. and Canadian Teachers’ Pedagogical PracticesThèse de doctorat, The University of Western Ontario, 2012, 215 p. 

Pour l’étude de Létourneau et Moisan : «Young People’ s Assimilation of a Collective Historical Memory: A Case Study of Quebeckers of French-Canadian Heritage», dans Peter Seixas, dir., Theorizing Historical Consciousness, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 2004, p. 109-128.